Document Detail

Epilepsy and sports participation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14728909     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Epilepsy is a common disease found in 2% of the population, affecting both young and old. Unfortunately, epileptics have previously been discouraged from participation in physical activity and sports for fear of inducing seizures or increasing seizure frequency. Despite a shift in medical recommendations toward encouraging rather than restricting participation, the stigma remains and epileptics continue to be less active than the general population. This results in increased body mass index, decreased aerobic endurance, poorer self-esteem, and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Although there are rare cases of exercise-induced seizures, studies have shown that physical activity can decrease seizure frequency, as well as lead to improved cardiovascular and psychologic health. The majority of sports are safe for epileptics to participate in with special attention to adequate seizure control, close monitoring of medications, and preparation of family, coaches, or trainers. Contact sports including football, hockey, and soccer have not been shown to induce seizures, and epileptics should not be precluded from participation. Water sports and swimming are felt to be safe if seizures are well controlled and direct supervision is present. Additional care must be taken in sports involving heights such as gymnastics, harnessed rock climbing, or horseback riding. Sports such as hang-gliding, scuba diving, or free climbing are not recommended, given the risk of severe injury or death, if a seizure were to occur during the activity. This article reviews the risks and benefits of physical activity in epileptics, discusses sports in which epileptics may participate, and addresses how to decrease possible risks for injury.
Gregory M Howard; Monika Radloff; Thomas L Sevier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1537-890X     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-01-19     Completed Date:  2004-03-11     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Ball Memorial Hospital and Central Indiana Sports Medicine Fellowship, Muncie, IN 47304, USA. t
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Injuries / etiology,  prevention & control
Epilepsy / complications,  physiopathology*
Exercise / physiology
Sports Medicine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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