Document Detail

Epigenetic modification and inheritance in sexual reversal of fish.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24487721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Environmental sex determination (ESD) occurs in divergent, phylogenetically unrelated taxa, and in some species co-occurs with genetic sex determination (GSD) mechanisms. Although epigenetic regulation in response to environmental effects has long been proposed to be associated with ESD, a systemic analysis on epigenetic regulation of ESD is still lacking. Using half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) as a model - a marine fish which has both ZW chromosomal GSD and temperature-dependent ESD - we investigated the role of DNA methylation in transition from GSD to ESD. Comparative analysis of the gonadal DNA methylomes of pseudo-male, female and normal male fish revealed that genes in the sex determination pathways are the major targets of substantial methylation modification during sexual reversal. Methylation modification in pseudo-males is globally inherited in their ZW offspring, which can naturally develop into pseudo-males without temperature incubation. Transcriptome analysis revealed that dosage compensation occurs in a restricted, methylated cytosine enriched Z chromosomal region in pseudo-male testes, achieving equal expression level in normal male testes. In contrast, female-specific W chromosomal genes are suppressed in pseudo-males by methylation regulation. We conclude that epigenetic regulation plays multiple crucial roles in sexual reversal of tongue sole fish. We also offer the first clues on the mechanisms behind gene dosage balancing in an organism that undergoes sexual reversal. Finally, we suggest a causal link between the bias sex chromosome assortment in offspring of pseudo-male family and the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance of sexual reversal in tongue sole fish.
Changwei Shao; Qiye Li; Songlin Chen; Pei Zhang; Jinmin Lian; Qiaomu Hu; Bing Sun; Lijun Jin; Shanshan Liu; Zongji Wang; Hongmei Zhao; Zonghui Jin; Zhuo Liang; Yangzhen Li; Qiumei Zheng; Yong Zhang; Jun Wang; Guojie Zhang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Genome research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1549-5469     ISO Abbreviation:  Genome Res.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9518021     Medline TA:  Genome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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