Document Detail

Epidural lidocaine versus 2-chloroprocaine for fetal distress requiring urgent cesarean section.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15636952     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Chloroprocaine is a local anesthetic widely used for the urgent cesarean delivery of a distressed fetus in an mother with a epidural catheter because of its quick onset and short half-life. However, chloroprocaine has disadvantages that include decreased effectiveness of subsequently administered epidural amides and narcotics. Lidocaine with freshly added epinephrine and sodium bicarbonate is also rapid in onset, although there is the theoretical concern regarding the accumulation of ionized lidocain in the acidotic fetus. A retrospective review revealed that though the drug administration to incision time was significantly faster (P < 0.005) for 3% chloroprocaine, both 3% chloroprocaine and 1.5% lidocaine were clinically effective. There were no differences in neonatal Apgar scores or neonatal umbilical cord pH values between the two treatment populations, offering lidocaine as an attractive alternative to chloroprocaine.
R R Gaiser; T G Cheek; B B Gutsche
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obstetric anesthesia     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0959-289X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Obstet Anesth     Publication Date:  1994 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-07     Completed Date:  2005-05-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200430     Medline TA:  Int J Obstet Anesth     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  208-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Anesthesia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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