Document Detail

Epidermal growth factor receptor protein expression and gene amplification in normal, hyperplastic, and cancerous glottic tissue: immunohistochemical and fluorescent in situ hybridization study on tissue microarrays.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19673037     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To evaluate the importance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) protein overexpression and gene amplification in carcinogenesis of glottic cancer. METHOD: In order to evaluate EGFR expression at protein and gene level, immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed on tissue microarrays of laryngeal tissue (145 samples) -- 38 samples of normal mucosa, 46 samples of hyperplastic lesions, and 61 samples of cancerous lesions. RESULTS: Membranous (mEGFR) and cytoplasmic (cEGFR) EGFR expression was significantly different between the analyzed groups. The differences were most striking in the suprabasal-transforming zone. IHC evaluation showed that high and low mEGFR staining contributed to the differentiation of dysplastic lesions, simple hyperplasia, and cancerous tissue, as well as between different degrees of atypia in hyperplastic lesions (P<0.050). EGFR gene amplification was not found in simple and abnormal hyperplastic lesions, but it was confirmed in 2/21 atypical hyperplasias, indicating that gene amplification can facilitate identification of malignant potential in hyperplastic lesions. In cancerous tissue, EGFR gene amplification was found in 8/50 samples. EGFR gene amplification was found in preinvasive cancer in one patient. In invasive carcinomas, gene amplification was not associated with stage or grade. Carcinomas with gene amplification showed significantly higher cEGFR expression (basal layer P=0.003; suprabasal layer P=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed an increase in EGFR protein expression and gene amplification with the increase in biological aggressiveness of glottic lesions. A correlation between EGFR gene amplification and protein expression was established. Gene amplification proved to be an early event in glottic carcinogenesis, indicating its importance for glottic cancer prevention, early detection, and protocol selection.
Tamara Braut; Mira Krstulja; Milodar Kujundzić; Dubravko Manestar; Ita Hadzisejdić; Nives Jonjić; Blazenka Grahovac; Darko Manestar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Croatian medical journal     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1332-8166     ISO Abbreviation:  Croat. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-12     Completed Date:  2009-12-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9424324     Medline TA:  Croat Med J     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  370-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Clinical Hospital Center Rijeka, Kresimirova 42, 51000, Rijeka, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Gene Amplification*
Glottis / metabolism*
In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
Laryngeal Neoplasms / genetics*,  pathology*
Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / genetics*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
EC, Epidermal Growth Factor

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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