Document Detail


Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Galicia, Spain, 1996-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17945063     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
SETTING: Galicia, Spain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological evolution and characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Galicia over a 10-year period from 1996 to 2005. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive and observational study was conducted, based on data obtained from the Galicia Tuberculosis Registry. RESULTS: The incidence of TB in Galicia fell from 72.3 cases per 100000 population in 1996 to 37.7/100000 in 2005, resulting in an average annual decrease of 7.0%. In 2005, 51.6% of cases were aged 15-44 years, 61.6% were men, and 59.2% were exclusively pulmonary. No cavitary lesions were found in 63.4%; 50.3% of pulmonary TB cases were sputum smear-positive, and a positive culture was found in 77.3%; 4.4% were human immunodeficiency virus positive, 3.5% were drug users and 3% were immigrants. At least one contact was studied in 80% of smear-positive index cases. The treatment success rate was close to 90%. CONCLUSIONS: The annual incidence of TB in Galicia has fallen progressively since the TB programme was implemented; it is nevertheless still higher than in other regions of Spain and neighbouring countries, and greater progress in TB control needs to be made.
Authors:
E Cruz-Ferro; E Fernández-Nogueira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1027-3719     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Tuberc. Lung Dis.     Publication Date:  2007 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-10-19     Completed Date:  2008-01-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706389     Medline TA:  Int J Tuberc Lung Dis     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1073-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Galicia Programme for the Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis, Government of Galicia, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. elena.cruz.ferro@sergas.es
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
Female
Humans
Incidence
Male
Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification
Retrospective Studies
Spain / epidemiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / drug therapy,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antitubercular Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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