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Epidemiology of suicide in bipolar disorders: a systematic review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23755739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal behavior is a major public health problem worldwide, and its prediction and prevention represent a challenge for everyone, including clinicians. The aim of the present paper is to provide a systematic review of the existing literature on the epidemiology of completed suicides in adult patients with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We performed a Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, PsycLit, PsycInfo, and Cochrane database search to identify all relevant papers published between 1980 and 2011. A total of 34 articles meeting our inclusion criteria were included in the present review. RESULTS: Several prospective follow-up contributions, many retrospective analyses, and a few psychological autopsy studies and review articles investigated the epidemiology of completed suicides in patients with BD. The main finding of the present review was that the risk for suicide among BD patients was up to 20-30 times greater than that for the general population. CONCLUSION: Special attention should be given to the characteristics of suicides in patients with BD. Better insight and understanding of suicide and suicidal risk in this very disabling illness should ultimately help clinicians to adequately detect, and thus prevent, suicidal acts in patients with BD.
Maurizio Pompili; Xenia Gonda; Gianluca Serafini; Marco Innamorati; Leo Sher; Mario Amore; Zoltan Rihmer; Paolo Girardi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bipolar disorders     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1399-5618     ISO Abbreviation:  Bipolar Disord     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883596     Medline TA:  Bipolar Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
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