Document Detail


Epidemiology of sports injuries. A 15 year analysis of sports orthopedic ambulatory care
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3509867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Analysis of a special outpatient department of sports orthopaedics covers a 15-year period (1972-1986); the department studies by us was initially part of the Orthopaedic Hospital of the University of Heidelberg, whereas later on we continued our studies at the Sports Clinic in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt. A grand total of 13,296 sportsmen treated in these departments was assessed, having a total of 15,212 injuries or lesions/damage due to sports activities. All cases were systematically recorded right from the beginning. In 1986, 19.3 million Federal German sportsmen were members of the Federal German Sports Association (DSB), i.e. 31.4% of the populations. The number of sports-related accidents that occurred per year is estimated at 1.5 million, i.e. more than 15% of the total number of accidents. The absolutely highest incidence rate of accidents is seen in popular sports such as football (i.e. "soccer", the most widely practised sport in the Federal Republic), skiing, handball, volleyball, track-and-field athletics, and gymnastics and physical training. The major part of the accidents involves the lower extremities (66.6%), followed by the arms (22.8%) and the vertebral column (4.7%). In respect of diagnoses, lesions of capsular ligaments are by far the most frequent ones. "Distortions" are stated to occur in 32.9% of the cases, severe injuries such as fractures, luxations and ruptures of ligaments representing a total of 33.6%. The incidence rate of contusions is increasing (12.6%), and so is that of lesions of the muscles and tendons (10.4%). 76.5% of the injured persons are men, with an age bracket peak at 20-29 years, followed by the group of 10-19 years. Analysis of the lesions yields valuable pointers to possibilities of accident or injury prevention within the individual sports categories.
Authors:
K Steinbrück
Publication Detail:
Type:  English Abstract; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin     Volume:  1     ISSN:  0932-0555     ISO Abbreviation:  Sportverletz Sportschaden     Publication Date:  1987 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-05-18     Completed Date:  1989-05-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904133     Medline TA:  Sportverletz Sportschaden     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  ger     Pagination:  2-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Sportklinik Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt.
Vernacular Title:
Epidemiologie von Sportverletzungen. 15-Jahres-Analyse einer sportorthopädischen Ambulanz.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Athletic Injuries / epidemiology*
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Germany, West
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sports*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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