Document Detail


Epidemiology of scorpion envenomations in Texas.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15303401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
About 90 scorpion species occur in the US, and scorpion stings accounted for over 15,600 calls to poison centers in the US in 2002. However, epidemiologic information on scorpion envenomations in the US, and Texas in particular, is limited. This study investigated the relationship between epidemiological factors and the scorpion stings reported to the Texas poison centers. Cases consisted of all human exposure calls of scorpion stings to Texas poison centers during 1998-2003; there were 11,545 total cases. The reported scorpion envenomation penetrance increased during 1998-2002. Among cases with a known patient age, 10.9% were < 6 y of age, 21.7% were age 6-19 y and 67.3% were > 19 y of age. Females accounted for 55.8% of the cases and males for 44.2% of the cases. Scorpion stings were most frequently reported in May and June with envenomation penetrance lowest in northeast Texas and highest in west Texas. The exposure site was the patient's own residence for 93.9% of the cases. The management site was not a health care facility for 95.8% of cases, and there were minor effects in 88.4% of cases with a known clinical outcome.
Authors:
Mathias B Forrester; Sharilyn K Stanley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary and human toxicology     Volume:  46     ISSN:  0145-6296     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-11     Completed Date:  2004-09-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704194     Medline TA:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Texas Department of Health, Austin TX 78756, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Animals
Arachnidism / epidemiology*,  etiology,  pathology
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Medical Records
Poison Control Centers / statistics & numerical data
Retrospective Studies
Scorpions*
Seasons
Texas / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  An improved method for emergent decontamination of ocular and dermal hydrofluoric acid splashes.
Next Document:  Knowledge of heart disease among women in an urban emergency setting.