Document Detail


Epidemiology of respiratory virus infections among infants and young children admitted to hospital in Oman.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22711362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this prospective study was to determine the epidemiology of respiratory viruses responsible for seasonal epidemics of influenza-like illness in infants and young children in Oman. All children ≤5 years of age consecutively admitted to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Oman over a 1-year period between December 2007 and December 2008 with acute respiratory infections were included. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for viral detection was performed on nasopharyngeal aspirates. Analyses were conducted using univariate statistical methods. Of the 259 infants and young children, at least one respiratory virus was detected in 130 samples (50%). The most prevalent viruses were respiratory syncytial virus (RSV; 43%; n = 56), adenovirus (15%; n = 20), and parainfluenza virus (PIV) (11%; n = 14). Dual or multiple viral infections were found in 23 cases (18%). The three most prominent symptoms of the cohort were fever (78%; n = 201), tachypnoea (77%; n = 200), and runny nose (61%; n = 158). The majority had bronchiolitis (39%; n = 101) while 37% (n = 96) had pneumonia. RSV was more likely to affect those that were young (4 months vs. 7.5 months; P = 0.002) and had tachypnoea (93% vs. 69%; P = 0.004), lower respiratory tract infections (91% vs. 80%; P = 0.039), and bronchiolitis (57% vs. 38%; P = 0.024). The study indicated that respiratory viruses are highly prevalent in children ≤5 years presenting with acute respiratory infections in Oman, of which RSV is the most prominent. J. Med. Virol. 84: 1323-1329, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors:
F A Khamis; M F Al-Kobaisi; W S Al-Areimi; H Al-Kindi; I Al-Zakwani
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical virology     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1096-9071     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Virol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705876     Medline TA:  J Med Virol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1323-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman. khami001@gmail.com.
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