Document Detail

Epidemiology of refractive errors and presbyopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14499819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Limitations in existing studies of the epidemiological aspects of refraction are attributed to both technical and statistical procedures. Early influences of ocular parameters on refraction are identified accordingly as prematurity and may or may not be involved. Attention is paid to familial and genetic influences, and infants and toddlers are examined as a group separate from schoolchildren and teenagers, who are likely to have experienced significant periods of near work. The effects of sex and geographical distribution are considered both for younger and older age ranges. Special attention is paid to anisometropia, which is shown-apparently for the first time-to increase appreciably among presbyopes. The connection between refractive errors and ocular pathologies is reviewed, and possible means of preventing early onset myopia are examined. Presbyopia is addressed with reference to its geographical distribution and hypothetical links to accommodation insufficiency.
Robert Alexander Weale
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Survey of ophthalmology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0039-6257     ISO Abbreviation:  Surv Ophthalmol     Publication Date:    2003 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-22     Completed Date:  2003-11-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404551     Medline TA:  Surv Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  515-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Age Concern Institute of Gerontology, King's College London, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Presbyopia / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Refractive Errors / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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