Document Detail

Epidemiology of enteroviral meningoencephalitis in neonates and young infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24372592     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIM: To describe the epidemiology of enteroviral meningoencephalitis in northern New South Wales, Australia, with a specific focus on neonatal and young infant cases.
METHODS: A retrospective review of PCR-confirmed enteroviral meningoencephalitis cases in the Hunter New England Local Health District of northern NSW was conducted for the period 2008-2012.
RESULTS: One hundred nine patients met the case definition. There was summer seasonality, with 50% (55/109) of cases occurring between December and February. Neonates and young infants (<3 months of age) accounted for 42% (46/109) of cases, with 20% (9/46) being premature births. Fever (83%) was the most common presentation in this age group, followed by irritability (40%), feeding difficulties (40%) and rash (17%). All received at least one antibiotic during their admission, with 26% (12/46) also treated empirically with acyclovir. There was one death. Where testing was undertaken, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein levels were high in 90% (28/31) of neonates and young infants, but the CSF white cell count was variable, with 57% <10/mm(3) and 21% >100/mm(3) .
CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis of enteroviral meningoencephalitis could alter management, potentially reducing the period of treatment with empirical antimicrobials and permitting earlier discharge.
Brayden March; Keith Eastwood; Ian M Wright; Lynelle Tilbrook; David N Durrheim
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2013 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
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