Document Detail


Epidemiology and clinical outcomes of bloodstream infections among lupus patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21659421     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study was aimed at characterizing bloodstream infections in these patients and analysing factors associated with long term outcome. For this purpose, episodes of significant bacteraemia diagnosed from January 1991 to December 2006 among patients with SLE at a single centre were identified through a central database and clinical and analytical variables were recorded regarding short- and long-term follow-up. Univariate and multivariable analysis were performed to identify factors associated with long-term outcome. Thirty-eight SLE patients had 48 episodes of significant bacteraemia, with a 30-day mortality rate of 6.25%. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were the leading Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogens, respectively. After a median follow-up of 25 months, eight of these 38 patients (21.1%) had a further episode of bacteraemia and 13 of them (34.21%) died. Community-acquired bacteraemia and C reactive protein levels lower than 8 mg/dl during episodes were factors associated with lower long-term mortality. These results reinforce previous findings suggesting that lupus patients with bacteraemia episodes have poor long-term outcomes.
Authors:
M Marcos; C Fernández; A Soriano; F Marco; J A Martínez; M Almela; R Cervera; J Mensa; G Espinosa
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lupus     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0962     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9204265     Medline TA:  Lupus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.
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