Document Detail

Epidemiology, clinical course and impact on hospitalization costs of acute diarrhea among hospitalized children in Athens, Greece.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11669226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to describe the etiology, morbidity and hospitalization costs associated with acute diarrhea among hospitalized children in Greece. During 1999, 294 hospitalized children (median age 1 y) with acute diarrhea were prospectively studied. Bacterial and viral enteropathogens were detected in 100 (34%) and 37 (12.5%) patients, respectively; 17 (6%) patients had mixed infections. Isolated agents included Salmonella spp. (43 patients; 15%), rotavirus (32; 11%), Campylobacter spp. (26; 9%), enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (16; 5.5%), Shigella spp. (11; 4%), Aeromonas spp. (7; 2.5%), adenovirus (6; 2%), Yersinia enterocolitica (6; 2%), enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (2; 0.5%) and Giardia lamblia (1; 0.5%). Of the patients with bacterial infection, 70% were admitted between April and September 1999. A rotavirus-associated peak was noted in March. Patients with a bacterial infection were hospitalized for longer periods than those with viral infections. It is concluded that bacterial enteropathogens account for one-third of admissions due to acute diarrhea among children in Greece and are associated with significant hospitalization costs. Rotavirus is also a frequent cause of acute diarrhea necessitating hospitalization.
D A Kafetzis; H C Maltezou; A Zafeiropoulou; A Attilakos; C Stavrinadis; M Foustoukou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0036-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Infect. Dis.     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-23     Completed Date:  2002-03-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0215333     Medline TA:  Scand J Infect Dis     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  681-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Second Department of Pediatrics, University of Athens, Greece.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Age Distribution
Campylobacter / isolation & purification
Child, Hospitalized / statistics & numerical data*
Child, Preschool
Diarrhea / economics*,  epidemiology*,  microbiology
Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification
Greece / epidemiology
Hospital Costs*
Hospitalization / economics,  statistics & numerical data*
Infant, Newborn
Prospective Studies
Rotavirus / isolation & purification
Salmonella / isolation & purification
Shigella / isolation & purification

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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