Document Detail


Epidemiology of bat rabies in Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17066249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rabies in European bats was first reported in Germany in 1954. In concordance with Denmark and the Netherlands, Germany has reported one of the highest numbers (n = 187) of European bat lyssavirus (EBLV)-positive cases in bats in Europe so far (1954-2005). A combined descriptive epidemiological and phylogenetic analysis on bat rabies and prevailing EBLVs is presented, comprising the past 50 years. So far, only the two lineages of EBLV-1 (genotype 5), a and b, have been detected. Although only 50% of the rabies-positive bats have been identified by species, the Serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) is the bat species most frequently infected. Single rabies cases have also been detected in a further five indigenous bat species. There is proven evidence for a substantial bias in the frequency of bat rabies cases in the north of Germany, with an endemic cluster in the northwesternmost low-lying plain areas adjacent to the Netherlands and Denmark. Improvements to bat rabies surveillance and research are discussed.
Authors:
T Müller; N Johnson; C M Freuling; A R Fooks; T Selhorst; A Vos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of virology     Volume:  152     ISSN:  0304-8608     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Virol.     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-22     Completed Date:  2007-04-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506870     Medline TA:  Arch Virol     Country:  Austria    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  273-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute for Epidemiology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Rabies Surveillance and Research, OIE Reference Laboratory for Rabies, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Wusterhausen, Germany. thomas.mueller@fli.bund.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Base Sequence
Chiroptera / virology*
Germany / epidemiology
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Humans
Lyssavirus / genetics,  isolation & purification*
Molecular Sequence Data
Phylogeny
RNA, Viral
Rabies* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  history,  virology
Sequence Analysis, RNA
Species Specificity
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/RNA, Viral

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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