Document Detail

Epidemiology of ametropia of U.S. Army recruits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7783925     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
All people attempting to enlist in the U.S. Army must undergo a physical examination that requires a rudimentary vision screening. Those who pass the physical, upon reporting to basic training, are again evaluated and any treatment necessary to allow the recruits to function during their initial indoctrination is provided. Those who fail to see 20/20 O.D. and O.S. with their current spectacles fail the screening and are evaluated by an optometrist. If their condition is not disqualifying, appropriate correction is prescribed. We reviewed the records of all the recruits in a 1-month period who either required spectacles to see 20/20 or failed the screening at the 43rd AG BN (reception). Epidemiological evaluation revealed most to be either simple myopes or myopic astigmats. Hyperopia and hyperopic astigmatism accounted for the next most common diagnosis. Other conditions included anisometropia, antimetropia, amblyopia, keratoconus, and nystagmus. Examinations of these recruits were very limited, with dilated fundus evaluations being performed only when there was a high probability of a disqualifying condition. Therefore, it is unknown what retinal disease or degeneration may be present other than what would be visible with direct ophthalmoscopy.
W H McAlister; T A Wingert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Military medicine     Volume:  160     ISSN:  0026-4075     ISO Abbreviation:  Mil Med     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-17     Completed Date:  1995-07-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984771R     Medline TA:  Mil Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Missouri-St. Louis, School of Optometry 63121, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Military Personnel*
Personnel Selection*
Physical Examination
Refractive Errors / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
United States

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