Document Detail


Epidemiological studies on host animals of scrub typhus of the autumn-winter type in Shandong Province, China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15115095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In order to elucidate the host animals of scrub typhus in Shandong Province, epidemiological studies on host rodents of the autumn-winter type scrub typhus were carried out from 1995 to 2002 at four localities in the Shandong Province. Based upon ecological observations of the composition, seasonal fluctuation of animal hosts, isolation of Orientia tsutsugamushi, detection and identification of serotypes of antibodies to O. tsutsugamushi were conducted. Two thousand eight hundred and eighty-four rodents and insectivores were captured, including 2,055 Apodemus agrarius (71.26%), 408 Cricetulus triton (14.15%), 64 C. barabensis (2.22%), 12 Crocidura suaveolens (0.42%), 313 Rattus (R.) norvegicus (10.85%), 32 Mus (M.) musculus (1.11%). A. agrarius was predominant in the field and the seasonal fluctuation was correlated significantly to that of scrub typhus (r=0.810, p<0.005). R. norvegicus was predominant indoors. The average capture rate per year in the field was 12.76% from 1995 to 1997. Of the total 2,884 rodents and insectivores captured out- and in-doors, 527 were living rodents (including 335 A. agrarius, 119 C. triton, 6 C. barabensis, 2 C. suaveolens, 63 R. norvegicus and 2 M. musculus, and 15,467 chigger mites were collected from them. Two hundred and fifty-three of 335 A. agrarius were parasitized by chiggers, showing 75.52% (253/335) of the infestation rate and 17.53 of the chigger index; 106 C. triton were parasitized by chiggers, showing 89.08% (106/119) infestation rate and 75.93 of the chigger index. The average antibody positive rate of rodents was 14.78%. The seasonal change of the antibody positive rate was higher during December-February (the second year), and varied from 20% to 28%, but the level of antibodies remained relatively low (5.26-16.67%) during March-November. The results of serotyping with 47 antibody-positive sera were as followings: 39 sera were Gilliam types, 7 sera were Karp types, 1 serum was Kato type. Twelve strains of O. tsutsugamushi were isolated from A. agrarius (8 strains), C. triton (3 strains) and R. norvegicus (1 strain), out of the isolated 12 strains, 10 were Gilliam strains, 2 were Karp strains. A. agrarius and R. norvegicus were the main host animals in out- and indoors respectively.
Authors:
Yunxi Liu; Zhongtang Zhao; Zhanqing Yang; Jinglan Zhang; Jianjiang Xu; Qinyong Wu; Zuolin Peng; Zhongshui Miao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0125-1562     ISO Abbreviation:  Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-04-29     Completed Date:  2004-05-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266303     Medline TA:  Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  826-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Medical Institute of Jinan Military Command, PLA, Jinan, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
China / epidemiology
Disease Reservoirs*
Incidence
Insect Vectors
Orientia tsutsugamushi / isolation & purification
Rats
Rodentia / microbiology*
Scrub Typhus / epidemiology,  veterinary*
Seasons
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Trombiculidae / microbiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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