Document Detail


Epidemiological pattern of leprosy in Ethiopia: a review of the control programmes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2215059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Leprosy control started in a limited area of Ethiopia in 1956. Extended coverage of the country was achieved in the early seventies. Review of the data from the control projects since 1976 revealed that leprosy is a disease of the Ethiopian highlands where prevalence rates as high as 7 per thousand have been recorded in some provinces, while the cumulative national average for the last 13 years was 2.6 per thousand. The paucibacillary form was predominant. However, unlike other African countries, a relatively high proportion of multibacillary leprosy was found in Ethiopia. The male-to-female ratio was 2:1 with the highest prevalence in the 15-44 years age bracket. Detection rates for new cases have shown a gradual decline since 1982, a year before multiple drug therapy (MDT) was introduced into the country. For the last 5 years the number of new cases has stabilized at 4700/year. These trends probably reflect a general reduction in the prevalence of leprosy in the country, while the conspicuous decline in 1982 is most likely related to discharge of cases during screening before MDT. The new villagization policy of Ethiopia with its effective reorganization of the populations is believed to make control programmes and supervision of MDT easier and presumably more effective. Similarly, more reliable prevalence and incidence studies could be undertaken with success.
Authors:
D Berhe; R T Haimanot; T Tedla; T Taddesse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Leprosy review     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0305-7518     ISO Abbreviation:  Lepr Rev     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-11-21     Completed Date:  1990-11-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243711     Medline TA:  Lepr Rev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  258-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Leprosy Control Division, All Africa Leprosy and Rehabilitation Training Centre (ALERT), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Leprosy / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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