Document Detail

Epidemiologic study of excessive oral melanin pigmentation with special reference to the influence of tobacco habits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6961509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The prevalence of oral melanin pigmentation was studied in a population of 30 118 adult individuals in Sweden. Among these, 9.9% showed melanin pigmentation in the oral mucosa. The anterior labial gingiva in the mandible was the most frequently pigmented location. The presence of melanin pigmentation was positively correlated to tobacco smoking. Among tobacco smokers 21.5% were pigmented as compared to 3.0% among individuals not using tobacco. The smoking-related oral pigmentation, smokers' melanosis, could thus be calculated at a prevalence of 18.5% among smokers and the total frequency of smokers' melanosis was calculated at 6.8%. The prevalence of pigmentation was found to increase prominently during the first year of smoking but also to decrease to the level found among non-tobacco users about 3 years after cessation of smoking. Snuff dipping did not significantly elevate the prevalence of oral melanin pigmentation.
T Axéll; C A Hedin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of dental research     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0029-845X     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Dent Res     Publication Date:  1982 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-03-11     Completed Date:  1983-03-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0270023     Medline TA:  Scand J Dent Res     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  434-42     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Melanins / metabolism*
Middle Aged
Mouth Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology,  pathology
Mouth Mucosa / pathology
Pigmentation Disorders / epidemiology*,  etiology,  pathology
Sex Factors
Reg. No./Substance:

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