Document Detail

Epidemic of louse-borne relapsing fever in Ethiopia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7901534     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During summer 1991 an outbreak of louse-borne relapsing fever occurred simultaneously in two transit camps established for prisoners of war being returned from Eritrea at the end of the Ethiopian civil war. Only antibiotic treatment was given at the Bahr Dar camp where the frequency of cases increased for 20 days. Vector control by delousing in addition to antibiotics was given at Mekele camp where the frequency of cases fell over a similar period. This difference was significant (p < 0.001). Furthermore, there was a significant correlation between the decreasing proportion of camp inhabitants that had not been deloused at Mekele camp each day and the numbers of patients with fever (r = 0.89, p < 0.001). Taken together, these results confirm that effective control of an epidemic of louse-borne relapsing fever is dependent on efficient vector control in addition to antibiotic treatment.
K O Sundnes; A T Haimanot
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lancet     Volume:  342     ISSN:  0140-6736     ISO Abbreviation:  Lancet     Publication Date:  1993 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-12-08     Completed Date:  1993-12-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985213R     Medline TA:  Lancet     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1213-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Anaesthesia, Baerum Hospital, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Disease Outbreaks*
Ethiopia / epidemiology
Insect Control / methods
Insect Vectors
Lice / microbiology
Lice Infestations / prevention & control
Military Personnel*
Relapsing Fever / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  transmission
Tetracycline / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 50-29-3/DDT; 60-54-8/Tetracycline
Comment In:
Lancet. 1994 Jan 22;343(8891):242   [PMID:  7904703 ]
Lancet. 1993 Nov 13;342(8881):1192   [PMID:  7901526 ]
Erratum In:
Lancet 1994 Jan 22;334(8891):244

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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