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Epicardial radiofrequency ablation for left ventricular aneurysm related ventricular arrhythmias during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23106884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) is one of the serious complications after acute myocardial infarction. We attempted to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of LVA repair combined with epicardial radiofrequency ablation for ventricular arrhythmia during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB).
METHODS: From June 2009 to April 2011, 31 patients with LVA had angina symptoms and ventricular arrhythmia. In all patients, circular and cross-shaped radiofrequency epicardial ablations were performed using unipolar ablation pen along the border between the aneurysm wall and normal cardiac tissue and in the central zone of the aneurysms, followed by a linear placation of ventricular aneurysms on beating heart.
RESULTS: All the patients showed complete recovery. The average number of grafted vessels was 2.7 ± 1.3. Intraoperative examinations revealed that the ventricular arrhythmia was effectively controlled by radiofrequency ablation. All cases had been followed up for one year. Holter monitoring revealed a significant reduction in ventricular arrhythmias (P < 0.05). Echocardiography showed significant increase in left ventricular ejection fraction (P < 0.05) and decrease in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (P < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: For patients with ventricular aneurysm and preoperative malignant arrhythmia, aneurysm repair plus epicardial radiofrequency ablation in OPCAB was found to be an effective and feasible therapeutic technique. However, medium- to long-term therapeutic efficacy of this method remains to be determined by future studies and observations.
Authors:
Yang Yu; Ming-Xin Gao; Hai-Tao Li; Fan Zhang; Cheng-Xiong Gu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3836-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing An Zhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.
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