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Epicardial fat volume and concurrent presence of both myocardial ischemia and obstructive coronary artery disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22305262     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat volume (EFV) is linked to cardiovascular event risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether EFV is independently related to concurrent presence of both myocardial ischemia and obstructive coronary stenosis. METHODS: We studied 92 consecutive patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent Rb-82 PET, coronary calcium scoring (CCS) and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) within 6 months. EFV was computed from non-contrast CT by validated software and indexed to body surface-area (EFVi, cm(3)/m(2)). Ischemia was defined by ≥5% difference of total perfusion deficit (quantified by validated software) between stress and rest. Obstructive stenosis was defined ≥50% luminal diameter stenosis. RESULTS: Fifty three patients had both ischemia and stenosis. Compared to those without, patients with both having ischemia and stenosis had significantly higher CCS (1125±1230 vs. 626±690, p=0.02) and EFVi (64.6±20.6 vs. 49.7±14.2cm(3)/m(2), p=0.0002). On multivariable analysis after adjusting age, gender, cardiovascular risk factors, chest pain, and CCS (≥400), only elevated EFVi (>68.1cm(3)/m(2)) significantly predicted concurrent presence of both ischemia and stenosis (odds ratio 6.18, 95% confidence interval 1.73-22.01, p=0.005). Area under the receiver-operator-characteristic analysis demonstrated a trend towards improved incremental prediction of concurrent myocardial ischemia and obstructive stenosis over age, gender, chest pain, and high CCS (0.73 vs. 0.65, p=0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that elevated EFVi measured using non-contrast CT may be related to concurrent presence of both ischemia and stenosis.
Authors:
Ryo Nakazato; Damini Dey; Victor Y Cheng; Heidi Gransar; Piotr J Slomka; Sean W Hayes; Louise E J Thomson; John D Friedman; James K Min; Daniel S Berman
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Atherosclerosis     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1484     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0242543     Medline TA:  Atherosclerosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Departments of Imaging (Division of Nuclear Medicine) and Medicine (Division of Cardiology), Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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