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Epicardial adipose tissue thickness in type 1 diabetic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21553302     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Insulin resistance is getting important in the course of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Visceral fat depot is associated with insulin resistance and assessment of epicardial fat thickness is a way of measuring visceral fat. The aim of the study was to measure epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and to determine its relationship with waist-hip-ratio (WHR) and estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR) in adult type 1 diabetic patients. Thirty-six type 1 diabetic patients (aged 31 ± 8 years; Female/Male: 22/14) and 43 age, gender and BMI matched healthy controls were included. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), hemoglobin A1c, and lipid profiles were measured. Waist-hip-ratio (WHR) was calculated. Daily insulin dose/kg of patients were recorded and eGDR of all subjects was calculated. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness was evaluated by echocardiography. EAT thickness of the type 1 diabetic patients was significantly higher than controls (3.30 ± 1.06 vs. 2.30 ± 0.34 mm, P < 0.0001). EAT thickness was correlated with age (P = 0.05; r = 0.35), WHR (P = 0.003; r = 0.67), daily insulin dose/kg (r = 0.45, P = 0.005), and eGDR (r = -0.55, P = 0.0004). Multivariate analysis revealed WHR and eGDR to be related to EAT among age, WHR, daily insulin dose/kg, eGDR, FBG, and hemoglobin A1c (r(2) of the model = 0.64). Epicardial adipose tissue thickness is increased in type 1 diabetic patients compared to controls and is related to WHR and eGDR in this group of patients. This measurement may point to the presence of insulin resistance in type 1 diabetic patients.
Authors:
Dilek Yazıcı; Beste Ozben; Dilek Yavuz; Oğuzhan Deyneli; Hasan Aydın; Ozlem Tarcin; Sema Akalın
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Endocrine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0100     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434444     Medline TA:  Endocrine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Marmara University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey, dilekdy2002@yahoo.com.
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