Document Detail

Eosinophilic esophagitis: updated consensus recommendations for children and adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21477849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a clinicopathologic condition of increasing recognition and prevalence. In 2007, a consensus recommendation provided clinical and histopathologic guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of EoE; however, only a minority of physicians use the 2007 guidelines, which require fulfillment of both histologic and clinical features. Since 2007, the number of EoE publications has doubled, providing new disease insight. Accordingly, a panel of 33 physicians with expertise in pediatric and adult allergy/immunology, gastroenterology, and pathology conducted a systematic review of the EoE literature (since September 2006) using electronic databases. Based on the literature review and expertise of the panel, information and recommendations were provided in each of the following areas of EoE: diagnostics, genetics, allergy testing, therapeutics, and disease complications. Because accumulating animal and human data have provided evidence that EoE appears to be an antigen-driven immunologic process that involves multiple pathogenic pathways, a new conceptual definition is proposed highlighting that EoE represents a chronic, immune/antigen-mediated disease characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation. The diagnostic guidelines continue to define EoE as an isolated chronic disorder of the esophagus diagnosed by the need of both clinical and pathologic features. Patients commonly have high rates of concurrent allergic diatheses, especially food sensitization, compared with the general population. Proved therapeutic options include chronic dietary elimination, topical corticosteroids, and esophageal dilation. Important additions since 2007 include genetic underpinnings that implicate EoE susceptibility caused by polymorphisms in the thymic stromal lymphopoietin protein gene and the description of a new potential disease phenotype, proton pump inhibitor-responsive esophageal eosinophila. Further advances and controversies regarding diagnostic methods, surrogate disease markers, allergy testing, and treatment approaches are discussed.
Chris A Liacouras; Glenn T Furuta; Ikuo Hirano; Dan Atkins; Stephen E Attwood; Peter A Bonis; A Wesley Burks; Mirna Chehade; Margaret H Collins; Evan S Dellon; Ranjan Dohil; Gary W Falk; Nirmala Gonsalves; Sandeep K Gupta; David A Katzka; Alfredo J Lucendo; Jonathan E Markowitz; Richard J Noel; Robert D Odze; Philip E Putnam; Joel E Richter; Yvonne Romero; Eduardo Ruchelli; Hugh A Sampson; Alain Schoepfer; Nicholas J Shaheen; Scott H Sicherer; Stuart Spechler; Jonathan M Spergel; Alex Straumann; Barry K Wershil; Marc E Rothenberg; Seema S Aceves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2011-04-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology     Volume:  128     ISSN:  1097-6825     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-04     Completed Date:  2011-09-12     Revised Date:  2012-08-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1275002     Medline TA:  J Allergy Clin Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-20.e6; quiz 21-2     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Center for Pediatric Eosinophilic Disorders, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Consensus Development Conferences as Topic
Eosinophilic Esophagitis / diagnosis*,  immunology*,  therapy*
Guidelines as Topic
Comment In:
J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Dec;128(6):1349-1350.e5   [PMID:  22019091 ]
Gastroenterology. 2012 Jul;143(1):260-2; discussion 262   [PMID:  22633767 ]

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