Document Detail

Enzyme activity in crevicular fluid for detection and prediction of clinical attachment loss in patients with chronic adult periodontitis. Six month results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3050019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Previous reports have described a method by which multiple constituents can be analyzed from a sample of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) collected with a precut filter paper strip. In this study the relationship of changes in GCF levels of the vertebrate (lysosomal) enzymes beta-glucuronidase (BG) and arylsulfatase (AS) and the cytoplasmic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was evaluated longitudinally in reference to loss of clinical attachment in patients with existing chronic adult periodontitis. Thirty-six patients were followed for six months. Clinical attachment loss was recorded as the change between the baseline and three month examinations, and the three- and six-month examinations. GCF analysis was performed at baseline and three months. Three groups of patients were identified based on disease progression. Group I patients (N = 5) displayed a generalized form of disease activity. In these patients we observed clinical attachment loss of at least 2.0 mm at a minimum of three unrelated sites. Group II patients (N = 4) displayed a localized form of disease activity. In these patients clinical attachment loss of at least 2.5 mm occurred at one site, or two anatomically related sites. Group III patients (N = 27) did not display clinical attachment loss as defined here. Enzyme analysis was evaluated as a whole mouth score (the per cent of samples from a patient in which enzyme activity was at least twice the population mean) and at individual samples. Group I patients could be identified by elevated whole mouth scores for BG, while Group II patients could not be identified by whole mouth scores for any of the enzymes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
I B Lamster; R L Oshrain; D S Harper; R S Celenti; C A Hovliaras; J M Gordon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of periodontology     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0022-3492     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  1988 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-11-03     Completed Date:  1988-11-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000345     Medline TA:  J Periodontol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  516-23     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, College of Dental Medicine, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Hackensack, NJ 17601.
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MeSH Terms
Arylsulfatases / analysis
Chronic Disease
Epithelial Attachment / pathology*
Gingival Crevicular Fluid / enzymology*
Gingivitis / enzymology*
Glucuronidase / analysis
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / analysis
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Periodontal Pocket / diagnosis,  pathology
Periodontitis / diagnosis*,  pathology
Periodontium / pathology*
Predictive Value of Tests
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
EC Dehydrogenase; EC; EC

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