Document Detail


Environmental and occupational cancer in Argentina: a case-control lung cancer study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9819466     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The main objective of this study was to analyze the risks for lung cancer associated with occupational exposures in a developing country where lung cancer is the first cause of mortality from cancer in men. The study involved 200 men with lung cancer and 397 hospital controls. The OR for current smokers was 8.5, whereas former smokers displayed an OR of 5.3. The fraction attributable to smoking was 85%. Statistically significant high ORs were observed for employment in the alcoholic beverages (4.5, 95% CI: 1.02-20.2), sawmills and wood mills (4.6, 95% CI:1.1-18.4), chemicals/plastics (1. 8, 95% CI:1.04-3.2), and pottery, glass, or mineral manufactures (3.4, 95% CI:1.1-10.6). Other high (but not statistically significant) risks were observed for employment in leather shoe industry and repair (2.1, 95% CI:0.8-5.4), rubber industries (3.4, 95% CI:0.9-12.4), metal workers, including welders (1.9, 95% CI:0.8-4.4), motor vehicle mechanics (2.0, 95% CI:0.9-4.2), workers in cleaning services (1.9, 95% CI: 0.8-4.5), and for workers in agriculture (2.4, 95% CI:0.9-6.0). Although some of the present results may be due to chance, most are consistent with those of previous investigations in other countries.
Authors:
E Matos; M V Vilensky; P B Boffetta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cadernos de saúde pública     Volume:  14 Suppl 3     ISSN:  0102-311X     ISO Abbreviation:  Cad Saude Publica     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-12-29     Completed Date:  1998-12-29     Revised Date:  2013-03-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8901573     Medline TA:  Cad Saude Publica     Country:  BRAZIL    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Instituto de Oncología 'Angel H. Roffo', Universidad de Buenos Aires. Av. San Martín 5481, 1417, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Argentina / epidemiology
Case-Control Studies
Environmental Health* / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology,  etiology*
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Diseases / epidemiology,  etiology*
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects,  epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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