Document Detail


Entrainment of ventricular tachycardia by AV nodal reentrant tachycardia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2464807     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Endocardial recordings from a patient with both sustained ventricular tachycardia and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia are presented that demonstrate spontaneous transient entrainment of ventricular tachycardia by AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. During electrophysiological catheterization, there were repeated episodes of spontaneous conversion from a wide to a narrow QRS morphology following the induction of ventricular tachycardia. With conversion from the wide to the narrow QRS, the ventricular deflection in the coronary sinus electrograms demonstrated an abrupt change in morphology, indicating a change in activation sequence at this site from the wavefront of depolarization emerging from the ventricular tachycardia circuit to a wavefront conducting over the His-Purkinje system. However, the right ventricular apex electrogram demonstrated a constant morphology with a decrease in cycle length equal to that of the other intracardiac electrograms, indicating a constant direction of activation from the ventricular tachycardia circuit, and that ventricular tachycardia had been transiently entrained by AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. In addition, rapid atrial pacing during ventricular tachycardia narrowed the QRS and demonstrated transient entrainment of the right ventricular apex electrogram. Although transient entrainment of a tachycardia is evidence supporting reentry with an excitable gap as the probable mechanism, its demonstration has required the use of rapid pacing techniques. This case is a spontaneously occurring example of transient entrainment of one tachycardia circuit by another, a phenomenon that has not been previously described.
Authors:
G N Kay; A E Epstein; V J Plumb
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1989 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-03-17     Completed Date:  1989-03-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham 35294.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial*
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Catheterization
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
Humans
Tachycardia / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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