Document Detail


Enterovirus infections in England and Wales: laboratory surveillance data: 1975 to 1994.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10402747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Microbiology laboratories in England and Wales reported 40,366 culture confirmed isolates of echovirus (24,628; 61%) and coxsackievirus (B 11,714; 29%, A 4024; 10%) infections to the PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre (CDSC) in the 20 years from 1975 to 1994. Nearly half of the organisms were isolated from faeces, and 5741 were isolated from cerebrospinal fluid (75% of them echovirus, 13% coxsackie B, and 12% coxsackie A). Isolation rates for all enteroviruses were highest among infants aged 1 to 2 months. Sixty per cent of patients were aged under 5 years, 10% 5 to 9 years, and only 6% 35 years or over. Predominant serotypes were similar to those reported in other countries including the United States, Finland, and Belgium. Seventy-one per cent of reports were made between July and mid December. Periodicity varied between groups and serotypes: some demonstrated peaks at intervals of two to five years. There was evidence of spread of epidemic serotypes across Europe in certain years. Data collected between March and May each year enabled the strains circulating in the following 'season' to be predicted. Such information might be used to warn clinicians to anticipate particular clinical presentations.
Authors:
H C Maguire; P Atkinson; M Sharland; J Bendig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Communicable disease and public health / PHLS     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1462-1843     ISO Abbreviation:  Commun Dis Public Health     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-08-03     Completed Date:  1999-08-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808711     Medline TA:  Commun Dis Public Health     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  122-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, Thames, London.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
England / epidemiology
Enterovirus / isolation & purification
Enterovirus B, Human / isolation & purification
Enterovirus Infections / epidemiology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Laboratories
Male
Middle Aged
Sentinel Surveillance*
Wales / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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