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Enterobacteria-mediated deconjugation of taurocholic acid enhances ileal farnesoid X receptor signaling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23051670     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Enterobacteria are known to deconjugate amino acid-conjugated bile acids in the intestine. Administration of ampicillin (ABPC; 3 days, 100mg/kg) decreased the expression of ileal farnesoid X receptor (Fxr) target genes, and increased the levels of total bile acids in the intestinal lumen. The primary tauro-conjugates of cholic acid (TCA) and beta-muricholic acid (TβMCA) levels were increased, whereas the primary unconjugates, cholic acid (CA) and beta-muricholic acid (βMCA), levels decreased to below detectable levels (<0.01μmol) in ABPC-treated mice. The effects of individual bile acid on expression of the ileal farnesoid X receptor target genes were examined in ABPC-treated mice. The expression of ileal farnesoid X receptor target genes in ABPC-treated mice was clearly enhanced after CA (500mg/kg), but not TCA (500mg/kg) cotreatment. Their levels in control mice were enhanced after either CA or TCA-cotreatment. Unconjugated CA levels in the intestinal lumen and portal vein were increased in both ABPC-treated and control mice. Reduced ileal Fgf15 and Shp mRNA levels in ABPC-treated mice were also increased after CA (100mg/kg) cotreatment at which luminal CA levels was restored to the level in controls, but was unaffected by βMCA (100mg/kg) cotreatment. In addition, no increase in ileal Shp, Ibabp or Ostα mRNA levels was observed even after CA (500mg/kg) cotreatment in ABPC-treated farnesoid X receptor-null mice despite increased CA levels in the intestinal lumen. These results suggest the role of enterobacteria in bile acid-mediated enhancement of ileal farnesoid X receptor signaling by TCA deconjugation.
Authors:
Hideaki Kuribayashi; Masaaki Miyata; Hiroki Yamakawa; Kouichi Yoshinari; Yasushi Yamazoe
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0712     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254354     Medline TA:  Eur J Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Tohoku University ,Graduate School of Pharmaceitical Sciences, Division of Drug Metabolism and Molecular Toxicology, 6-3, Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8578 Japan.
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