Document Detail

Enteral feeding of low birth weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12061673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There is sufficient evidence at present to support early enteral feeding of low birth weight (LBW) neonates, including those who are sick or very preterm (< 30 weeks). Trophic feeding with human milk initiated within 48 hours of birth at 10-15 ml/kg/day improves later tolerance to graded increment of enteral feeding volumes without increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis. Trophic feeding supports increments of feeding volumes by 30 ml/kg/day by intermittent gavage feeding. Non-nutritive sucking and spoon-feeding aid earlier transition to exclusive breast-feeding. Human milk promotes adequate growth of most preterm neonates, though many need multivitamin and mineral supplementation. The role of human milk fortifiers to promote growth appears controversial.
Siddarth Ramji
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-13     Completed Date:  2002-07-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  401-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Neonatal Division, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Dietary Supplements
Enteral Nutrition / adverse effects,  methods*
Evidence-Based Medicine
Infant, Low Birth Weight* / growth & development
Infant, Newborn
Milk, Human*

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