Document Detail

Enlightening the past: Analytical proof for the use of Pistacia exudates in ancient Egyptian embalming resins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22083980     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Mastic, the resinous exudate of the evergreen shrub Pistacia lentiscus, is frequently discussed as one of the ingredients used for embalming in ancient Egypt. We show the identification of mastic in ancient Egyptian embalming resins by an unambiguous assignment of the mastic triterpenoid fingerprint consisting of moronic acid, oleanonic acid, isomasticadienonic and masticadienonic acid through the consolidation of NMR and GC/MS analysis. Differences in the observed triterpenoid fingerprints between mummy specimens suggest that more than one plant species served as the triterpenoid resin source. Analysis of the triterpenoid acids of ancient embalming resin samples in the form of their methyl- and trimethylsilyl esters is compared. In addition we show a simple way to differentiate between residues of mastic from its use as incense during embalming or from direct mastic application in the embalming resin.
Tim M Nicholson; Manuela Gradl; Beatrix Welte; Michael Metzger; Carsten M Pusch; Klaus Albert
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of separation science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-9314     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088554     Medline TA:  J Sep Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
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