Document Detail


Enhancement of rice canopy carbon gain by elevated CO(2) is sensitive to growth stage and leaf nitrogen concentration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16608457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increasing our understanding of the factors regulating seasonal changes in rice canopy carbon gain (C(gain): daily net photosynthesis -- night respiration) under elevated CO(2) concentrations ([CO(2)]) will reduce our uncertainty in predicting future rice yields and assist in the development of adaptation strategies. In this study we measured CO(2) exchange from rice (Oryza sativa) canopies grown at c. 360 and 690 micromol mol(-1)[CO(2)] in growth chambers continuously over three growing seasons. Stimulation of C(gain) by elevated [CO(2)] was 22-79% during vegetative growth, but decreased to between -12 and 5% after the grain-filling stage, resulting in a 7-22% net enhancement for the whole season. The decreased stimulation of C(gain) resulted mainly from decreased canopy net photosynthesis and partially from increased respiration. A decrease in canopy photosynthetic capacity was noted where leaf nitrogen (N) decreased. The effect of elevated [CO(2)] on leaf area was generally small, but most dramatic under ample N conditions; this increased the stimulation of whole-season C(gain). These results suggest that a decrease in C(gain) enhancement following elevated CO(2) levels is difficult to avoid, but that careful management of nitrogen levels can alter the whole-season C(gain) enhancement.
Authors:
H Sakai; T Hasegawa; K Kobayashi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New phytologist     Volume:  170     ISSN:  0028-646X     ISO Abbreviation:  New Phytol.     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-12     Completed Date:  2006-06-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882884     Medline TA:  New Phytol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba 305-8604, Japan. hsakai@niaes.affrc.go.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon / metabolism*
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism*
Light
Nitrogen / metabolism*
Oryza sativa / growth & development,  metabolism*
Photosynthesis / physiology
Plant Leaves / growth & development,  metabolism
Seasons
Weather
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7440-44-0/Carbon; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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