Document Detail

Enhancement of cytomegalovirus detection in mink lung cells using CMV Turbo.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16157263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Detection of HCMV from clinical specimens was a slow process until the development of shell vial method with staining for immediate early antigen (IEA). Culture though still considered insensitive is widely used for other than blood samples. A method to improve culture sensitivity is desirable. OBJECTIVES: TurboTreat, a CMV pretreatment medium from Diagnostic Hybrids Inc., was evaluated on Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells for improved sensitivity for HCMV detection. STUDY DESIGN: Monolayers of Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells in 48-well plates were treated with TurboTreat for overnight (o/n), 4 h or left untreated and then inoculated with previously positive HCMV specimens. After o/n incubation, cells were fixed, stained and positive cells counted. RESULTS: CMV TurboTreat enhanced detection 2-3-fold after 4 h treatment and 4-6-fold after o/n treatment in Mv1Lu and R-Mix cells and to a lesser extend in MRC-5 cells with clinical isolates of HCMV. With frozen clinical specimens, Mv1Lu cells treated o/n, 4 h or untreated detected 23, 21 and 15 positive specimens, respectively. R-Mix cells detected 19, 18, and 14 positives, respectively and MRC-5 cells detected 16, 15 and 15 positives, respectively. In no case was a positive detected in another cell line regardless of treatment that was not detected in Mv1Lu treated o/n. CONCLUSION: The o/n pretreatment with CMV TurboTreat on Mv1Lu cells is the optimum condition of treatment and significantly enhanced the detection of HCMV. Even 4 h pretreatment of Mv1Lu cells showed significant enhancement over untreated Mv1Lu, R-Mix and MRC-5 cells. Pretreatment of Mv1Lu cells with CMV TurboTreat for 4 h or longer increased the sensitivity of rapid HCMV detection.
Wei Yang; Scott Hite; Yung T Huang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1386-6532     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Virol.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-13     Completed Date:  2006-02-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815671     Medline TA:  J Clin Virol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  125-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cell Line
Culture Media*
Cytomegalovirus / growth & development*,  isolation & purification*
Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis*,  virology*
Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct
Sensitivity and Specificity
Virus Cultivation / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Culture Media

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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