Document Detail

Enhancement or attenuation of disease by deletion of genes from Citrus tristeza virus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22593155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stem pitting is a common virus-induced disease of perennial woody plants induced by a range of different viruses. The phenotype results from sporadic areas of the stem in which normal xylem and phloem development is prevented during growth of stems. These alterations interfere with carbohydrate transport, resulting in reduced plant growth and yield. Citrus tristeza virus (CTV), a phloem-limited closterovirus, induces economically important stem-pitting diseases of citrus. CTV has three nonconserved genes (p33, p18, and p13) that are not related to genes of other viruses and that are not required for systemic infection of some species of citrus, which allowed us to examine the effect of deletions of these genes on symptom phenotypes. In the most susceptible experimental host, Citrus macrophylla, the full-length virus causes only very mild stem-pitting symptoms. Surprisingly, we found that certain deletion combinations (p33 and p18 and/or p13) induced greatly increased stem-pitting symptoms, while other combinations (p13 or p13 plus p18) resulted in reduced stem pitting. These results suggest that the stem-pitting phenotype, which is one of more economically important disease phenotypes, can result not from a specific sequence or protein but from a balance between the expression of different viral genes. Unexpectedly, using green fluorescent protein-tagged full-length virus and deletion mutants (CTV9Δp33 and CTV9Δp33Δp18Δp13), the virus was found at pitted areas in abnormal locations outside the normal ring of phloem. Thus, increased stem pitting was associated not only with a prevention of xylem production but also with a proliferation of cells that supported viral replication, suggesting that at random areas of stems the virus can elicit changes in cellular differentiation and development.
Satyanarayana Tatineni; William O Dawson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2012-05-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of virology     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1098-5514     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Virol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-12     Completed Date:  2012-11-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0113724     Medline TA:  J Virol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7850-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Citrus Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Lake Alfred, Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Citrus / virology*
Closterovirus / physiology*
Gene Deletion
Genes, Viral / physiology*
Phloem / virology*
Plant Diseases / virology*
Xylem / virology*

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