Document Detail

Enhanced photon absorption and carrier generation in nanowire solar cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22418131     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Overall performance of a thin film solar cell is determined by the efficiency of converting photons to electrons through light absorption, carrier generation, and carrier collection. Recently, photon management has emerged as a powerful tool to further boost this conversion efficiency. Here we propose a novel nanograting solar cell design that achieves enhanced broadband light absorption and carrier generation in conjunction with the reduced use of active and non-earth-abundant materials. A test using this design for the short circuit current density in CuIn<sub>x</sub>Ga<sub>(1-x)</sub>Se<sub>2</sub> (CIGS) thin film solar cells shows up to 250% enhancement when compared to the bare thin film cells. In addition, placing metal strips on top of the nanograting to act as the top electrode reduces the use of non-earth-abundant materials that is normally used as the transparent conducting materials. This novel solar cell design has the potential to become a new solar cell platform technology for various thin film solar cell systems.
Wei Wang; Shaomin Wu; Randy J Knize; Kitt Reinhardt; Yalin Lu; Shaochen Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Optics express     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1094-4087     ISO Abbreviation:  Opt Express     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137103     Medline TA:  Opt Express     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3733-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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