Document Detail


Enhanced biotransformation of sitosterol to androstenedione by Mycobacterium sp. using cell wall permeabilizing antibiotics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18716814     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mycobacterial cell wall is rigid and offers a high resistance to the transport of sitosterol into cytosol. The effect of ethambutol, penicillin, polymixin and bacitracin on biotransformation of sitosterol to androstenedione by modification of cell wall permeability was examined. Drug sensitivity assay results established that bacitracin increased the permeability of the cell wall to hydrophobic compounds. Growth inhibitory study of bacitracin and rifamycin, individually as well as in combination showed that these two antibiotics act synergistically to reduce cell growth. A comparison of transmission electron micrograph results of the bacitracin-treated cells with untreated cells, revealed deformities caused in the cell wall structure by bacitracin treatment. These deformities increased the cell wall permeability and transport of sitosterol inside the cell, and thus enhanced androstenedione (AD) production. A maximum of 1.37, 1.44, 1.65 and 1.76 g AD per gram dry cell weight of mycobacterial cells was produced in the presence of ethambutol, penicillin, polymixin and bacitracin, respectively. Below the minimum inhibitory concentration, bacitracin can be used as potent enhancer of permeability of hydrophobic substances across the mycobacterial cell wall.
Authors:
Alok Malaviya; James Gomes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1367-5435     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Ind. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-14     Completed Date:  2009-03-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9705544     Medline TA:  J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1235-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, 110016, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Androstenedione / metabolism*
Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
Biotransformation
Cell Wall / chemistry,  drug effects*,  metabolism
Mycobacterium / drug effects,  metabolism*,  ultrastructure
Permeability / drug effects
Sitosterols / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Sitosterols; 5779-62-4/sitosterol; 63-05-8/Androstenedione

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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