Document Detail


Enhanced Nitrosative and Oxidative Stress with Decreased Total Antioxidant Capacity in Patients with Oral Precancer and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21829039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: Interaction between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) is a crucial determinant in the etiology of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and antioxidants protect against cellular and molecular damage caused by these. This study aims to evaluate ROS and RNS, together with the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), in serum and tissues of OSCC patients. Method: Total nitric oxide (TNO), malondialdehyde (MDA), and TAC were evaluated using a UV visible spectrophotometer in the serum of 30 controls, 30 precancer and 30 OSCC patients and in tissues of 10 controls and 30 OSCC patients. Results: MDA and TNO were significantly elevated with concomitant depletion of TAC in serum and tissues of OSCC patients when compared to controls. A significant positive correlation (p = 0.01), at different levels between TNO and MDA in OSCC patients, was found, which increased with the grade of OSCC. Conclusion: An increase in the levels of TNO, NO-mediated lipid peroxidation, resulting in an increase in MDA levels, the positive TNO-MDA correlation with a deranged antioxidant defense system as demonstrated by significantly low levels of TAC; when all these facts are taken together, we can conjecture that oxidative DNA damage, a vital phenomenon for carcinogenesis, occurs due to the interplay of ROS, RNS and TAC.
Authors:
Sheetal D Korde; Anjan Basak; Minal Chaudhary; Madhur Goyal; Anjali Vagga
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1423-0232     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0135054     Medline TA:  Oncology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  382-389     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College, Wardha, India.
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