Document Detail


English- and Chinese-learning infants map novel labels to objects and actions differently.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21744954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Research based on naturalistic and checklist methods has revealed differences between English and Chinese monolingual children in their trajectories of learning nouns and verbs. However, studies based on controlled laboratory designs (e.g., Imai et al., 2008) have yielded a more mixed picture. Guided by a multidimensional view of word learning (in which different mechanisms are weighted and recruited to different extents over development), we examined English- and Mandarin-learning infants' (n = 128) ability to map novel labels to unfamiliar actions and objects. Findings reveal cross-linguistic variations in the mapping of words to actions versus objects that are consistent with those found previously with naturalistic and checklist methods. Specifically, English learners were able to map novel labels to both actions and objects at 18 months but to neither actions nor objects at 14 months. In an identical experimental paradigm, Mandarin learners at both 14 and 18 months of age were able to map novel labels to actions but not to objects. Similar patterns were found when infants were grouped based on their vocabulary size. Combined results lend support for a dynamic view of word learning that take into account multiple mechanisms interacting across developmental time with important cultural constraints. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved).
Authors:
Cheri C Y Chan; Twila Tardif; Jie Chen; Rachel B Pulverman; Liqi Zhu; Xiangzhi Meng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-0599     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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