Document Detail


Engineering approaches to chewing and digestion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10445010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The guts of people and animals function like industrial chemical plants. They are assemblies of tubes and tanks in which foods are hydrolysed by enzyme-catalysed reactions, or fermented by microorganisms. Raw materials enter at one end, waste matter is voided at the other, and valuable products are abstracted on the way. A mill at the entrance end reduces the raw materials to small fragments, enabling the reactions to proceed faster. This paper shows how ideas from chemical engineering are guiding research on the gut, giving much clearer understanding of how foods respond to chewing, and of how guts are designed to process different foods. We will discuss the teeth as a grinding mill, and the digestive tube as a chain of chemical reactors.
Authors:
R M Alexander
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science progress     Volume:  82 ( Pt 2)     ISSN:  0036-8504     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci Prog     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-09-22     Completed Date:  1999-09-22     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0411361     Medline TA:  Sci Prog     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Leeds.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Chemical Engineering
Digestion / physiology*
Humans
Mastication / physiology*
Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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