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Engineered Escherichia coli for Short-Chain-Length Medium-Chain-Length Polyhydroxyalkanoate Copolymer Biosynthesis from Glycerol and Dodecanoate.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23748789     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Short-chain-length medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (SCL-MCL PHA) copolymers are promising as bio-plastics with properties ranging from thermoplastics to elastomers. In this study, the hybrid pathway for the biosynthesis of SCL-MCL PHA copolymers was established in recombinant Escherichia coli by co-expression of β-ketothiolase (PhaARe) and NADPH-dependent acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (PhaBRe) from Ralstonia eutropha together with PHA synthases from R. eutropha (PhaCRe), Aeromonas hydrophila (PhaCAh), and Pseudomonas putida (PhaC2Pp) and with (R)-specific enoyl-CoA hydratases from P. putida (PhaJ1Pp and PhaJ4Pp), and A. hydrophila (PhaJAh). When glycerol supplemented with dodecanoate was used as primary carbon source, E. coli harboring various combinations of PhaABCJ produced SCL-MCL PHA copolymers of various monomer compositions varying from C4 to C10. In addition, polymer property analysis suggested that the copolymers produced from this recombinant source have thermal properties (lower glass transition and melting temperatures) superior to polyhydroxybutyrate homopolymer.
Authors:
Chitwadee Phithakrotchanakoon; Verawat Champreda; Sei-Ichi Aiba; Kusol Pootanakit; Sutipa Tanapongpipat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-6-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-6947     ISO Abbreviation:  Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-6-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205717     Medline TA:  Biosci Biotechnol Biochem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Mahidol University.
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