Document Detail

Engagement in breast cancer screening behaviors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10214596     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To distinguish women who engaged in recommended breast cancer screening from those who did not. DESIGN: Descriptive design, with quantitative measures. SETTING: Urban, county hospital serving many low-income clients. SAMPLE: 119 women, age 51 to 80, who had not had mammograms in the last 13 months. METHOD: Nurse-conducted telephone interviews that incorporated a modified Profile of Mood States, Attitudes Towards Mammography Scale, Barriers Scale, and reports of engagement in mammography and clinical breast exam (CBE) in the last 13 months and breast self-exam (BSE) practice in the last 3 months. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Affect, beliefs, facilitators, and knowledge regarding screening; engagement in mammography, CBE, and BSE. FINDINGS: In discriminant analyses of engagement in mammography and CBE, affect, barriers, prior history of breast problems, and race were significant variables. In discriminant analysis of BSE, history of breast biopsy, family history of breast cancer, beliefs about screening and cancer, prior instruction in BSE, and being single were significant variables. CONCLUSIONS: Variables that discriminated between use and non-use of professional screening were different from those that discriminated between use and non-use of BSE. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses can promote professional breast screening by addressing women's negative affect, prior breast concerns, and barriers, especially among Caucasians. Nurses can promote monthly BSE by supporting realistic beliefs about screening and cancer as well as by demonstrating BSE, especially among married women.
D R Lauver; J Kane; J Bodden; J McNeel; L Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncology nursing forum     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0190-535X     ISO Abbreviation:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Publication Date:  1999 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-06-15     Completed Date:  1999-06-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7809033     Medline TA:  Oncol Nurs Forum     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  545-54     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Nursing, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
Breast Self-Examination
Cross-Sectional Studies
Discriminant Analysis
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Mammography / nursing,  psychology,  utilization*
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
Physical Examination

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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