Document Detail

Energy requirements in sick preterm babies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7734793     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The energy requirements of healthy preterm babies are well documented in the literature. However, the clinical load in neonatal intensive care units is due to sick preterm infants requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation, many of whom will develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia. It is this group in which knowledge of energy requirements is scanty. This group also has poor energy reserves and is often intolerant of enteral and parenteral nutrition. In this article, we will review methods of measurement of energy expenditure, methodological problems when applied to ill infants and published results of energy expenditure measurements in sick preterm babies. We will review the link between energy reserves, energy intake and energy expenditure. The problems of undernutrition in early postnatal life and possible consequences in adult life will be discussed.
D C Wilson; G McClure
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Supplement     Volume:  405     ISSN:  0803-5326     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Suppl     Publication Date:  1994 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-08     Completed Date:  1995-06-08     Revised Date:  2008-05-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315043     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Suppl     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  60-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Royal Maternity Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Metabolism*
Infant, Low Birth Weight / metabolism
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / metabolism*
Nutritional Requirements

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