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Energy and nutrient intakes and adherence to dietary guidelines among Finnish adults with type 1 diabetes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21047153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes are instructed to eat a healthy, balanced diet. Implementation of diet is an under-studied phenomenon. We aimed to describe the nutrient intake of a large sample of adult Finnish patients with type 1 diabetes and assess whether they meet the recommendations.
METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a total of 817 patients are presented. Data on food intake were collected with a 3-day food record completed twice with a 2-3-month interval. Compliance with dietary guidance was self-reported.
RESULTS: Patients frequently reported a diet low in carbohydrates and fibre but high in fat. Only 28% restricted saturated fatty acid to less than 10% of their daily energy intake. One-fourth of the patients reported higher than recommended sucrose intake. Salt recommendations were frequently exceeded. Of the micronutrients, the recommendations for vitamin A, vitamin D, folate, and iron were most frequently unmet. Although self-reported compliance was associated with a higher frequency of meeting the recommendations for some of the macronutrients, the actual frequencies were modest. In general, those compliant were observed to consume more vitamin and mineral-dense food.
CONCLUSION: Dietary intake among patients with type 1 diabetes does not, for many nutrients, meet the recommendations.
Authors:
Aila J Ahola; Vera Mikkilä; Sari Mäkimattila; Carol Forsblom; Riitta Freese; Per-Henrik Groop;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1365-2060     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8906388     Medline TA:  Ann Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Folkhälsan Institute of Genetics, Folkhälsan Research Center, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland.
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