Document Detail


Energy metabolism of broiler breeder hens. 1. The partition of dietary energy intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2235847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The partitioning of AME intake (MEI) and recovered energy (RE; defined as MEI minus heat production) was investigated on Hubbard broiler-breeder hens (BB) by using indirect calorimetry and energy balance. The regression of RE on MEI was linear (R2 = .96; P less than .01) with a slope of .817 +/- .024 (SE) and a y-intercept of -238.3 +/- 10.7 (SE). The maintenance energy requirement was 292 kilojoule (kJ) per kg per day (367 kJ per kg.75 per day). The regression of body RE, defined as RE minus egg energy, on MEI was linear (R2 = .96; P less than .01) with a slope of .799 +/- .045 (SE) and a y-intercept of -344.9 +/- 19.7 (SE). Therefore, an MEI of 432 kJ per kg per day was required by BB hens to maintain body energy equilibrium when they were laying at approximately 85% production. At an MEI of less than 432 kJ per kg per day, body energy was used for egg production. The AME cost of depositing 1 kJ of body, egg, protein, or fat energy was (mean +/- SE) 1.21 +/- .06, 91 +/- .32, 1.96 +/- .71, and 1.05 +/- .15 kJ, respectively. The results indicate that individually caged BB hens between 28 and 36 wk of age in a thermal-neutral environment (21 C) require approximately 1.6 megajoule (MJ) of AME per bird per day for normal growth (3 g/per day) and egg production (85%).
Authors:
R S Spratt; H S Bayley; B W McBride; S Leeson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-27     Completed Date:  1990-12-27     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1339-47     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of Biological Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Temperature Regulation*
Calorimetry / methods*
Chickens / metabolism*
Eating
Energy Metabolism*
Female

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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