Document Detail

Energy and macronutrient content of familiar beverages interact with pre-meal intervals to determine later food intake, appetite and glycemic response in young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23022554     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective was to compare the effects of pre-meal consumption of familiar beverages on appetite, food intake, and glycemic response in healthy young adults. Two short-term experiments compared the effect of consumption at 30 (experiment 1) or 120 min (experiment 2) before a pizza meal of isovolumetric amounts (500 mL) of water (0 kcal), soy beverage (200 kcal), 2% milk (260 kcal), 1% chocolate milk (340 kcal), orange juice (229 kcal) and cow's milk-based infant formula (368 kcal) on food intake and subjective appetite and blood glucose before and after a meal. Pre-meal ingestion of chocolate milk and infant formula reduced food intake compared to water at 30 min, however, beverage type did not affect food intake at 2h. Pre-meal blood glucose was higher after chocolate milk than other caloric beverages from 0 to 30 min (experiment 1), and after chocolate milk and orange juice from 0 to 120 min (experiment 2). Only milk reduced post-meal blood glucose in both experiments, suggesting that its effects were independent of meal-time energy intake. Combined pre- and post-meal blood glucose was lower after milk compared to chocolate milk and orange juice, but did not differ from other beverages. Thus, beverage calorie content and inter-meal intervals are primary determinants of food intake in the short-term, but macronutrient composition, especially protein content and composition, may play the greater role in glycemic control.
Shirin Panahi; Bohdan L Luhovyy; Ting Ting Liu; Tina Akhavan; Dalia El Khoury; H Douglas Goff; G Harvey Anderson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-09-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  2013-05-09     Revised Date:  2013-11-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Appetite / drug effects*
Appetite Regulation
Blood Glucose / analysis*
Body Mass Index
Citrus sinensis
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage*
Energy Intake*
Infant Formula
Nutritive Value
Soy Milk
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins

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