Document Detail

Energy expenditure in wheelchair racing and handbiking - a basis for prevention of cardiovascular diseases in those with disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14663299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Handbiking and wheelchair racing have gained increased popularity in Germany. This is important because of the inability of wheelchair-dependent people to maintain cardiovascular health and fitness through daily activities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the energy expenditure (EE; kcal/h) of wheelchair-dependent individuals. METHODS: Ten wheelchair racers (WR) and 17 handbikers (HB) completed a basal metabolism evaluation, an incremental exercise test until exhaustion and an endurance test. Oxygen uptake and carbon dioxide production ([V(. -)]O(2), [V(. -)]CO(2); ml/min), arterialized capillary blood lactate concentration (LA; mmol/l) and heart rate (HR; bpm) were recorded during each test. EE was calculated by indirect calorimetry. RESULTS: In the endurance test [V(. -)]O(2), [V(. -)]CO(2), LA, HR and EE at an intensity corresponding to 2 mmol/l lactate were: HB: 1332+/-368 ml/min, 1178+/-303 ml/min, 2.23+/-0.85 mmol/l, 116.8+/-19.1 bpm, 389.6+/-105.4 kcal/h; WR:1175+/-285 ml/min, 1145+/-258 ml/min, 2.65+/-0.36 mmol/l, 142.5+/-28.0 bpm, 341.7+/-84.0 kcal/h. At an intensity corresponding to 4 mmol/l lactate the values were: HB: 1792+/-408 ml/min, 1666+/-326 ml/min, 4.27+/-1.40 mmol/l 146.1+/-22.8 bpm, 530.1+/- 115.4 kcal/h; WR: 1505+/-210 ml/min, 1427+/-188 ml/min, 3.31+/-1.0 mmol/l, 165.3+/-22.7 bpm, 445.5+/-70.8 kcal/h. CONCLUSION: The results show that EE of HB and WR is high enough to maintain fitness and probably to help to prevent cardiovascular diseases even at a moderate intensity.
Thomas Abel; Michael Kröner; Sandra Rojas Vega; Christiane Peters; Christiane Klose; Petra Platen
Related Documents :
23397179 - High-intensity aerobic interval exercise in chronic heart failure.
19850519 - Mct1 genetic polymorphism influence in high intensity circuit training: a pilot study.
18468709 - Enhancing effect of cerebral blood volume by mild exercise in healthy young men: a near...
24851619 - The examination of the heart rate recovery after anaerobic running in soccer players.
3884959 - Anaerobic threshold: review of the concept and directions for future research.
24449719 - Cardiac output response and peripheral oxygen extraction during exercise among symptoma...
18550969 - Effects of training exercises for the development of strength and endurance in soccer.
8886759 - Deposition and clearance in large and small airways in chronic bronchitis.
14737929 - Accuracy of qualitative analysis for assessment of skilled baseball pitching technique.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1741-8267     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-09     Completed Date:  2004-08-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101192000     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  371-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Cardiology and Sports Medicine, German Sport University Cologne.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Bicycling / physiology*
Calorimetry, Indirect
Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
Disabled Persons*
Energy Metabolism*
Exercise Test
Heart Rate
Lactic Acid / blood
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Endurance
Physical Fitness
Sports / physiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Plasma lipoprotein Lp(a), markers of haemostasis and inflammation, and risk and severity of coronary...
Next Document:  A randomized non-pharmacological intervention study for prevention of ischaemic heart disease: basel...