Document Detail

Energy expenditure in ball games for wheelchair users.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18521095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Wheelchair sports have become popular in Germany. This is important because of the difficulty experienced by wheelchair-dependent people in maintaining cardiovascular health and fitness by daily activities. Increasing energy expenditure (EE; kcal h(-1)) is one of the most effective ways of decreasing risk of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EE of individuals with spinal cord injury in ball games for wheelchair-dependent persons.
METHODS: Fourteen tennis players (WT), 10 basketball players (WB) and 12 rugby players (WR) completed a basal metabolism evaluation and a training test to measure respiratory parameters.
RESULTS: In the basal metabolism test EE in WT was 66.8+/-12.8 kcal h(-1), in WB 62.7+/-15.0 kcal h(-1) and in WR 63.5+/-12.9 kcal h(-1). During training EE in WT was 325.8+/-73.0 kcal h(-1), in WB 374.8+/-127.1 kcal h(-1) and in WR 248.5+/-69.4 kcal h(-1). The average EE of the whole group was: 316.4+/-89.6 kcal h(-1) with a corresponding heart rate of 118.5+/-23.1 b.p.m. and a lactate concentration of 2.09+/-0.7 mmol l(-1). Statistical analysis showed significantly lower values of EE, heart rate and oxygen uptake for the WR group in comparison to the other groups.
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the additional leisure time EE of persons participating in WB and WT is sufficient to maintain fitness. This level of EE is comparable to the recommendations of the ACSM for able-bodied persons, and therefore might be sufficient to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases.
T Abel; P Platen; S Rojas Vega; S Schneider; H K Strüder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-06-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spinal cord     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1362-4393     ISO Abbreviation:  Spinal Cord     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-04     Completed Date:  2009-03-05     Revised Date:  2011-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609749     Medline TA:  Spinal Cord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  785-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Motor Control and Movement Technique, German Sport University, Cologne, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Athletic Performance / physiology
Basal Metabolism / physiology
Breathing Exercises
Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control*
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Therapy / methods,  statistics & numerical data*
Exercise Tolerance / physiology
Heart Rate / physiology
Lactic Acid / blood
Paralysis / rehabilitation*
Physical Fitness / physiology
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
Spinal Cord Injuries / rehabilitation*
Sports / physiology
Treatment Outcome
Wheelchairs / statistics & numerical data
Reg. No./Substance:
50-21-5/Lactic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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