Document Detail

Energy conservation during skin-to-skin contact between premature infants and their mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2211150     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of skin-to-skin contact on three indexes of energy expenditure: heart rate, activity level, and behavioral state, were examined in a pilot study. It was hypothesized that skin-to-skin contact, because of its soothing effects, would increase sleep, lower activity level, and reduce heart rate. Eight healthy preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit, who had reached 34 to 36 weeks gestation, experienced one session of skin-to-skin contact for an interfeeding interval. Observations were made once each minute using continuous videotape throughout three consecutive interfeeding intervals (before, during, and after skin-to-skin contact). Significant treatment effects were found by repeated-measures analysis of variance for behavioral state and activity level; pair-wise comparisons showed that quiet sleep frequency was significantly increased and activity level reduced during skin-to-skin contact. Infants had longer durations of quiet sleep during skin-to-skin contact. The Pearson product-moment correlation between heart rate and behavioral state was robust and generally linear, supporting use of heart rate as a measure of energy expenditure in these subjects. The findings suggest that skin-to-skin contact is a simple, cost-effective intervention that reduces activity and state-related energy expenditure.
S M Ludington
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart & lung : the journal of critical care     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0147-9563     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Lung     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-11-02     Completed Date:  1990-11-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330057     Medline TA:  Heart Lung     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  445-51     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
University of California, Los Angeles School of Nursing 90024-1702.
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MeSH Terms
Arousal / physiology
Energy Metabolism*
Heart Rate / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*,  psychology
Motor Activity
Skin Temperature
Sleep / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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