Document Detail

Energy intake, parental control of children's eating, and physical activity in siblings discordant for adiposity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20633585     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Studying siblings discordant for adiposity allows for identifying risk factors for obesity by testing whether there is low familiality or resemblance of energy balance behaviors and then whether sibling differences in these behaviors are associated with differences in their adiposity. Nineteen sibling pairs discordant for overweight were assessed for physical activity, laboratory-based food consumption (single food, variety of foods), and parental control of child feeding behaviors. There was virtually no familiality for physical activity and energy intake during a single food meal. Sibling differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and energy intake independently predicted differences in their adiposity. There was high familiality for increased energy intake (responsivity) when presented with a meal composed of a variety of foods, and sibling differences in responsivity did not predict sibling differences in adiposity. Parent concern and monitoring of child eating had only slight familiality and were associated with sibling differences in adiposity. In conclusion, sibling differences in MVPA and energy intake and parent concern and monitoring of child eating may promote differences in adiposity. Increased responsivity to dietary variety by overweight siblings does not appear to promoting sibling discordance in overweight as normal weight and overweight siblings responded similarly to dietary variety.
James N Roemmich; Tressa M White; Rocco Paluch; Leonard H Epstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-07-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1095-8304     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-13     Completed Date:  2010-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Body Mass Index
Energy Intake*
Feeding Behavior
Genetics, Behavioral
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Motor Activity*
Obesity / metabolism*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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