Document Detail


Energy expenditure for breastfeeding and bottle-feeding preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19933725     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that resting energy expenditure (REE) would be higher after breastfeeding than after bottle-feeding. METHODS: Nineteen preterm infants (gestational age: 32 weeks) in stable condition who were nourished entirely with their mothers' breast milk were assigned randomly to feeding either by bottle or at the breast. Each infant served as his or her own control subject. REE was measured for 20 minutes after feeding. Breast milk quantity was evaluated with prefeeding and postfeeding weighing. REE values for bottle-feeding and breastfeeding were compared with paired t tests. RESULTS: Contrary to our null hypothesis, the group's mean REE values after bottle-feeding and breastfeeding were very similar (284.7 +/- 26.8 kJ/kg per day [68.3 +/- 6.4 kcal/kg per day] vs 282.6 +/- 28.5 kJ/kg per day [67.5 +/- 6.8 kcal/kg per day]; not significant). The duration of feeding was significantly longer for breastfeeding than for bottle-feeding (20.1 +/- 7.9 vs 7.8 +/- 2.9 minutes; P < .0001). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in REE when infants were breastfed versus bottle-fed. Longer feeding times at the breast did not increase REE. We speculate that it is safe to recommend feeding at the breast for infants born at >32 weeks when they can tolerate oral feeding.
Authors:
Irit Berger; Valentin Weintraub; Shaul Dollberg; Rozalia Kopolovitz; Dror Mandel
Related Documents :
9216605 - Can preterm twins breast feed successfully?
19607745 - Infant weight gain, duration of exclusive breast-feeding and childhood bmi - two simila...
6663575 - Factors affecting breast feeding--a comparison of two british military hospitals.
19245535 - A nationwide study on hospital admissions due to dehydration in exclusively breastfed i...
25153825 - Emotional reactions of mothers facing premature births: study of 100 mother-infant dyad...
7607825 - Acute salmonella mastoiditis in an infant.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial     Date:  2009-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-01     Completed Date:  2009-12-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1149-52     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neonatology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Data Bank Information
Bank Name/Acc. No.:
ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00838188
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bottle Feeding*
Breast Feeding*
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
Male
Prospective Studies
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Anticlastogenic effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on cisplatin-induced chromosome aberrations i...
Next Document:  Screening for occult abdominal trauma in children with suspected physical abuse.