Document Detail

Energetics of kayaking.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2598914     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The metabolic cost of paddling at low speeds (v) was measured from oxygen uptake (VO2) and anaerobic glycolysis in an annular pool or calculated from submaximal VO2 measured at higher speeds when the kayaker was assisted in overcoming water resistance. Also calculated were the total drag (D) and the net mechanical efficiency (e). Each of the above variables was determined in male (n = 17) and female (n = 7) kayakers ranging in experience from beginners to elite. The VO2 increased with v to a peak of approximately 3.4 l.min-1 (80%-100% of peak VO2 during running) in men and of approximately 2.8 l.min-1 in women, while at higher speeds the additional energy was accounted for by anaerobic glycolysis. In all subjects the energy cost to paddle a given distance (C) increased according to a power function with increasing v. The C was lower for the elite male paddlers than for the unskilled group, while that for elite women was slightly less than that for the elite men. Also the rates of increase of C appeared to be inversely proportional to the subjects' skill. Total D for elite men increased from approximately 15 to 60 N over a range of speeds from 1 to 2.2 m.s-1 while those of unskilled men and skilled women for the same speed range were 10-20 N greater and slightly less, respectively. The e increased linearly, but at a different rate, with increases in v for the unskilled and the elite kayakers (males and females) being 4.2% and 6%, respectively, at v = 1.2 m.s-1.
D R Pendergast; D Bushnell; D W Wilson; P Cerretelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-01-29     Completed Date:  1990-01-29     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY, WEST    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-50     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Physiology, State University of New York at Buffalo 14214.
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MeSH Terms
Arm / physiology
Energy Metabolism*
Leg / physiology
Muscles / metabolism
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Exertion / physiology*

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